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Breakdown of 7 Organ Systems in 7 Minutes





Shalom, in today's video, where we will break down the different organ systems of the body and explore their functions. Understanding how these systems work is crucial to comprehending the intricate workings of our bodies. So, let's get started!




 

First, what are organs?

Organs are composed of different types of tissues that come together to form one or more functions. In the body organs form systems called "organ systems" that work together to maintain homeostasis and ensure the proper functioning of the body.


Organs can vary greatly in size, shape, and complexity. Examples of organs in the human body include the heart, lungs, liver, kidneys, brain, stomach, intestines, skin, and many others. Each of these organs has a specialized function that contributes to the overall functioning of the body.


 


Now let's breakdown the organ systems.




First up is the nervous system, the body's control center. the term “nervous” relates to the nerves. It includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves throughout the body. The nervous system allows us to perceive and respond to our environment, coordinates body movements, and facilitates communication between different body parts.


Common disorders include neurodegenerative disorders like Parkinsons, Dementia or Alzheimer's, or any other conditions affecting the brain like ADHD, seizures, etc.

 


Next, we have the cardiovascular system, which comprises the heart, blood vessels, and blood. cardio relates to the heart, while vascular relates to the veins. Its primary function is to transport oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and waste products throughout the body. The cardiovascular system also plays a vital role in regulating body temperature and maintaining fluid balance.


Common disorders are anything that have to do with blood circulation such as heart attack or stroke.

 


Moving on to the musculoskeletal system, which has the words Musculo for muscles and skeletal for skeleton or bones. This system consists of bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. This system provides structural support to the body, protects vital organs, and enables movement. This system also produces blood cells within the bone marrow and stores minerals like calcium and phosphorus.


Common disorders include arthritis (where one has pain the joints) and osteoporosis (which is deterioration of the bones)

 


The digestive system is responsible for breaking down food, absorbing nutrients, and eliminating waste. It includes organs such as the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. The digestive system's three main functions are ingestion, digestion, and absorption, ensuring our bodies receive the necessary nutrients for energy and growth.


Common disorders include constipation, diarrhea, bloating, stomach cramps, etc



 





Now let's talk about the endocrine system, which consists of various glands that produce and secrete hormones. These glands include the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pancreas, and reproductive organs. The endocrine system regulates growth, metabolism, reproduction, and many other bodily functions.


Common disorders include hyperthyrodism, hypothyoidism, pcos


 




The lymphatic system plays a crucial role in maintaining our body's immune function and fluid balance. It includes lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, the spleen, thymus gland, and tonsils. The lymphatic system filters and transports lymph (a fluid containing white blood cells) throughout the body, helping to fight infections and remove waste products.

common disorders include swollen lymph nodes, lymphedema or lymphoma